Lightroom Preview Cache Corrupted

If you are reading this post, you could be in a serious panic at the fact that your Lightroom catalog will not open because you are receiving a message that reads, "Lightroom has encountered a problem", and now you are ready to either run for the hills, pull out your hair or smash your computer but before you do any of that, let us try and help you. In some cases, Lightroom will try to fix this problem on its own...